Fundamental Movement Skills

The development of fundamental movement skills and motor skills is critical to establishing the foundation for participation in many sports and physical activities.  A child who has not had the opportunity to develop these basic motor skills experiences difficulties or barriers when participating in sport experiences, or later school-based programs that involve more difficult skills.

To become completely physically literate, children need to master the fundamental movement skills which include:

  • dodge
  • hop
  • skip
  • log roll
  • stork stand
  • jump
  • kick
  • dribble
  • overarm throw
  • catch
  • run
  • sidearm strike.

These skills are ideally developed between the ages of 0 and 9.

Figure 6. Consequences of Missing a Fundamental Skill (Canadian Sport For Life)LTAD_FMS


PHE Canada has developed a series of handbooks and training workshops to aid educators in teaching the fundamental movement skills which correspond to the different stages of the Long Term Athlete Development (LTAD) model - a seven stage model that provides a framework for athlete development from 0-19+ years of age.