Academic Performance

  • "Results show statistically significant relationships between fitness and academic achievement, though the direction of causation is not known. While more research is required, promoting fitness by increasing opportunities for physical activity during PE, recess, and out of school time may support academic achievement." (2009 Journal of School Health)
  • “Optimal nutrition is essential for a child’s proper growth, immunity, and physical and mental development” (Melanson, 2008, p. 397).
  • “For children consuming diets with micronutrient inadequacies, vitamin and mineral supplementation has effectively improved cognitive ability and scores on intelligence tests (Melanson, 2008, p. 398).
  • Physical education, school physical activity, school sports and academic performance
  • "Given competent providers, PA can be added to the school curriculum by taking time from other subjects without risk of hindering student academic achievement. On the other hand, adding time to "academic" or "curricular" subjects by taking time from physical education programmes does not enhance grades in these subjects and may be detrimental to health." (International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2008)
  • According to the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey “approximately 3% of American schoolchildren are iron deficient” and “iron deficiency anaemia has been associated with poor school performance” (Melanson, 2008, p. 398)
  • “Improved academic performance, enhanced cognitive functioning, and reduced tardiness have all been associated with participation in school breakfast programs” (Melanson, 2008, p. 398)
  • "Playing on a high school team increases young women’s odds of graduating from college by 41 percent " Dufur and Troutman, 2007
  • "Not only did students increase their daily physical activity, teachers and administrators reported that the 10–20 additional minutes helped improve students’ behavior in the classroom. Many of the surveys noted, for example, that the various activities improved student focus and academic performance while decreasing stress and the need for discipline.”  (USA, CDC, 2006)